In the 1920s, the mountaineering history of Kazakhstan began. In 1930s, Kazakhstan climbers made the ascent to the peaks of the Trans-Ili Alatau, which allowed to refine the geographic map of the area significantly: Abay Peak, Talgar Peak, Khan-Tengri under the leadership of E. Kolokolnikov (1936), Zhambyl Peak (1937.) and other peaks. Almaty climbers made a great contribution to the victory in the Great Patriotic War. In March of 1943, at the tourist center "Gorelnik" the All-Union school of mountain training was formed. This school trained and provided the army with 1500 trainers and 12,000 mountain snipers for participation in the military operations in the mountains. In 1982, the Kazakh climbers E. Ilyinsky, S. Chepchev, K. Valiev, V. Hrischaty, as part of the first Soviet Himalayan expedition, ascended Mount Everest along a new complex route. The mass mountaineering in the country started in 1995 with the first Alpiniad in the history of the country, marked by the mass ascents to the peak of Abai, which was attended by President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.