The famous composer, academician Akhmet Zhubanov said: “The centuries-old wisdom of ancestors is hidden in the strings of folk instruments”.
Many types of Kazakh musical instruments are found in folk poetry, notes by historians and ethnographers. On the basis of these materials, musicologist, collector of Kazakh national musical instruments and performer on them, teacher, candidate of art history Bolat Sarybaev classified musical instruments of the Kazakh people, they are divided into the following categories (here musical instruments are presented according to his classification):
- Noisemaker musical instruments;
- Percussion musical instruments;
- Stringed musical instruments;
- Wind musical instruments;
- Reed musical instruments.
Musical instruments in the fund of the museum are located in accordance with the classification in separate halls. Full information — manufacturing techniques, methods of playing and purposes of use, you will learn in the following halls.
The next part of the introductory hall is musical archeology. Here are the types and copies of musical instruments found in archaeological excavations.
The objects of musical archeology are visual evidence of the depiction of the history, culture, traditions and customs of our people. Notes on the medieval heritage found in the vastness of the Kazakh steppe can be found in the works of academician A.Kh. Margulan, explorer-traveler A.G. Medoev, writer-scientist A. Seydimbek, archaeologists K. Akishev and Z. Samashev, and others.